Table defines services based on decreasing strength of personal relationships in establishing trust in various economic transactions.

Stranger Role:

[least trusted - typically highly regulated]

Arms Length Merchant for Commerce

Public Transport, Taxi Hotel Restaurant or Supermarket University or Public Schools Bank/Angel/VC Invest?

Peer-to-Peer Role:

[3rd party peer validated]

Weaker ties social media technology 

Uber, Lyft, Sidecar


Parking Monkey

Airbnb, Couchsurfing, Tripping Resy and Reservation Hop - sell your "unneeded" restaurant reservations (aka "JerkTech") MOOCs Kickstarter or Crowdfunding 

Acquaintance Role:

[2nd party validated - occasionally regulated]

Weak Ties Social for Activities

Facilitated nonprofit carpooling i.e., RideshareKC       Among Friends-Family?

Intimate Role:

[most trusted - typically unregulated]

Strong Ties for Family/Friend 

Neighbors carpool to work Friends/family staying for the weekend Friends or family over for dinner/bbq Home schooling Lend/Borrow/Gift Among Friends/Family?
  Transportation Housing Food Education Finance


Regulatory and Legal Models for the Sharing Economy

On April 28, 2015, at UMKC's Law Schools, Technology and Access To Justice Conference a break out panel including Dean Ellen Suni, Bill Mullins, Kate Garmin, Rick Usher, Dazza Greenwood, Tony Lai,  proposed a forum to discuss and present challenges presented to existing regulatory structures by the growing sharing economy.

Dean Ellen Suni, UMKC Law School gave the breakout session group summary of the forum proposal.

Dazza Greenwood of MIT Media Lab quickly launched an announcement web site for the planned open forum on issues and options for future regulatory and legal models for the sharing economy.

Local & National Sharing Economy Events:

Kansas City Sharing Economy Workshop Events:

June 15, 2015- Homesharing Economy at Think Big Partners  - HomesharingMatrix_06-15-15.pdf  

Updated - HomesharingMatrix_07-28-15.xlsx

June 15, 2015 Homesharing Economy Workshop


Missouri State Law - Lodging FAQs

February 22, 2016 - Homesharing Economy - Short Term Stay Zoning Code Proposal


Potential for KC Panel and Workshop:

MIT suggests holding Elevator Pitch in parallel to this event

Panel of national experts, NLC (who has funds to bring these people in?)

potential from Kauffman Foundation

work with MIT Media Lab to coordinate panels in NYC and Boston with NLC and those cities in Peer Network

need dates

need meeting at KCnext and Kauffman Foundation

Tony meeting with Kauffman next week 

pursue the 5 Whys as we review regulatory requirements for self-identified sharing economy businesses

how is technology building trust structures that may be able to replace regulatory scope?

are sharing economy companies building entrepreneurs as independent contractors or pushing out employee support obligations?  Is this a means of rejuvenation of the middle class? 

How do cities establish a paradigm or framework for evaluation of sharing Economy businesses

how do cities develop enforcement 

review definitions of sharing economy and pick some we will use in the forum, review different public safety issues within these various definitions.  Are new business types providing a higher level of public safety than the regulatory agencies, I.e., Airbnb identify verification and rating systems v. no regulatory framework for lodgers/boarders in single family residences




Industry Sectors:

1. Transportation - ridesharing, ridehailing, car sharing, self-driving cars, shipping/delivery - Kaargo, Lodging - homesharing - Airbnb

3. Food - peer-to-peer restaurant reservation sales (Resy, Reservation Hop is now OK Shift this is the story of a startup pivot to a different business model)

4. Education - MOOCs, Homeschooling LEARN Kansas City Homeschooling Network (and general WikiKC Education page), How do Unschoolers turn out - "Unschoolers of all types had overwhelmingly chosen careers high in those qualities that sociologists have found lead to the highest levels of work satisfaction,"  Thiel Fellowship - Thiel Fellows are given a grant of $100,000 to focus on their work, their research, and their self-education while outside of university; Little Free Libraries

5. Finance:

a. crowdfunding

6. Government - MuniRent

Industry Scale and Funding:

Collaborative Economy Funding (2002 - present) - Jeremiah Owyang

Sharing Economy Resources:


Bloomberg brief on sharing economy.pdf - June 15, 2015

The Promise of the Sharing Economy among Disadvantaged Communities April 18, 2015

What is the Sharing Economy? - Christopher Koopman, George Mason University, February 27, 2015

"Any marketplace that uses the Internet to connect distributed networks of individuals to share or exchange otherwise underutilized assets."

The Sharing Economy and Consumer Protection Regulation: The Case for Policy Change - George Mason University, December 8, 2014

Collaborative Economy Research Library

NLC City Solutions and Applied Research - Brooks Rainwater & Nicole DuPuis

NLC Sharing Economy Advisory Network - NLC Sharing Economy - links to studies

The Sharing Economy: Connecting Cities and the New Economy

Shifting Perception of Collaborative Consumption

Uber, Airbnb and consequences of the sharing economy: Research roundup

Sharing economy in the energy sector:

More comprehensive article on the sharing economy:


June 9, 2015 Workshop Webcast by the Federal Trade Commission - The “Sharing” Economy: Issues Facing Platforms, Participants, and Regulators

In the News:


July 18, 2015 - Room For More: Business Travelers Embrace the Sharing Economy



June 29, 2015 - The Sharing Economy: Access Trumps Ownership

June 5, 2015 - A City View of the Sharing Economy

May 28, 2015 -The risks and rewards of selling dinner reservations

May 21, 2015 - Exclusive: Here's your first look at Uber's test car (and why you'll see it around Pittsburgh)

May 15, 2015 - Google Blog - Green lights for our self-driving vehicle prototypes

May 13, 2015 - Santa Monica comes down hard on Airbnb, will crackdown spread?

May 12, 2015 - Airbnb Community Tops $1.15 Billion in Economic Activity in New York City

Dozens of Airbnb hosts will share this study with state lawmakers in Albany today. The Airbnb community is committed to working together on some basic rules and will urge lawmakers to:

  • Create rules that allow New Yorkers to share only the home in which they live. Current law prevents many people from sharing their home unless they are present. The community wants to collaborate on thoughtful laws that let New Yorkers share only the home in which they live, while preventing abuse.

  • Strengthen laws that prevent illegal hotels and create tougher policies for unlicensed hotel operators.

  • Help the Airbnb community pay $65 million more in taxes. Airbnb wants to collect and remit hotel and tourist taxes in New York on behalf of hosts, but currently cannot do so. If New York changes the rules, the City and State will receive an additional $65 million in tax revenue annually.

  • Fix the law to help New Yorkers who need it most. If an apartment is rent-regulated, people are unable to share that home, even if they are present. Home sharing is an economic lifeline for thousands of New Yorkers. These people should be able to share their space as long as they do not earn more through home sharing than they pay in rent.

May 11, 2015 - How Crowdsourcing, Ride-Hailing Apps Are Reshaping NYC

May 8, 2015 - D.C. sues Dupont Circle homeowner over online rentals for massive parties

May 4, 2015 - California Bill Takes Aim at Home Sharing Websites

April 30, 2015 - This Couple Had Their Home Completely Destroyed After Renting It Out On Airbnb

February 2, 2015 - The Share-the-Scraps Economy

September 16, 2014 - The Killer App for Sharing is Cities

July 2014 - ReservationHop is now OK Shift!

July 18, 2014 - Drawing The Line Between “Peer-to-Peer” And “Jerk” Technology

July 3, 2014 - Everyone Seems Mad At ReservationHop, Founder Admits He Was “Taken Aback” By The Criticism

May 7, 2014 - What Drives America’s Go-To Expert on the Sharing Economy?

January 31, 2013 - Food: The Next Frontier for the Sharing Economy?

Except where otherwise noted, this content is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. See Copyrights.